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Egypt is a north African known to the world as the country where civilization began. A visit to Egypt is all that any traveller would dream of, Egypt serves up all kinds and types of tourist attractions from ancient sites, religious sites, amazing beaches, stunning cities and museums, The great ancient temples and tombs of ancient Egyptian Kingdoms. Visit Africa guides you to a lifetime unforgetable experience to Egypt, a journey to see the The Pyramids and Great Sphinx at Giza, The Abu Simbel temples south of Aswan and the Karnak Temple Complex and Valley of the Kings near Luxor. Attractions in Cairo include The Egyptian Museum and To Alexandria, the city founded by Alexander the Great. The coast of the Sinai Peninsula has well-visited seaside resorts, in addition to Hurghada City on the Red Sea coast and the Famous El Gouna Resort 25 km Hurghada and over to the Mount sinai, where The Saint Catherine Monastery is found.

 

Overview: Visit Egypt

Egypt is a transcontinental country in North Africa and the Middle East with its capital located in its largest city, Cairo. Egypt also extends into Asia by virtue of holding the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is bordered by Israel and the Gaza Strip to the north-east, by Sudan to the south and by Libya to the west. The country is bounded by the Mediterranean and Red Seas (to the north and east respectively) and geographically dominated both by the Nile River and its fertile well-watered valley, and by the Eastern and Western deserts.

Egypt is perhaps best known as the home of the ancient Egyptian civilization, with its temples, hieroglyphs, mummies, and - visible above all - its pyramids. Less well-known is Egypt's medieval heritage, courtesy of Coptic Christianity and Islam - ancient churches, monasteries and mosques punctuate the Egyptian landscape. Egypt stimulates the imagination of western tourists like few other countries and is probably one of the most popular tourist destinations world-wide.

The Flag of Egypt
The Map of Egypt

History

The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose around 3200 BC and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 BC, who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks, took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honoured place of the Nile River in agriculture and the ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society

 

 

Geography & Climate

Egypt is largely a desert, an extension of the great Sahara that bands North Africa. Save for the thin strip of watered land along the Nile River broadening into the Nile delta, very little could survive here. As the ancient Greek historian Herodotus stated: "Egypt is the gift of the Nile". Generally, the summers are hot and dry and the winters, moderate. November through March are definitely the most comfortable months for travel in Egypt. There is almost no rain in the Nile valley, so you won't need wet weather gear!

 

The climate, however, does vary a little bit depending on where you are in the country. On the north coast along the Mediterranean Sea, a thin strip of land stretching from the sea to 50km southwards receives some of the most heavy rain in the country during winter months. Thunderstorms along with heavy rain showers that often last several hours are not uncommon here such as in Alexandria, Marsa Matruh and all other coastal areas, and even the Delta. In some years the rainstorms can last for a whole day or so, though the rain tends to be less heavy. Hail is also not uncommon, especially out in the desert where the weather is usually colder and allows for ice to fall and even frost to form on non-rainy days.

 

In the Sinai Mountains and also the Red Sea mountains, which stretch along the east side of the country along the shore of the Red Sea, there is generally more rain as rain clouds tend to develop when warm air evaporates and rises as it moves across higher terrain. Floods in these areas are a common weather phenomenon as so much rain can fall in a very short amount of time (often a day or two), with thunder and lightning as well. Because of the desert and lack of abundant vegetation, the water from the rain quickly falls down across the hills and mountains and floods local areas. In fact, every year there are stories in the local newspapers about flash floods in areas of the Sinai and also in Upper Egypt (southern Egypt) such as in Assiut, Luxor, Aswan, Sohag, etc. These floods, however, only generally happen two or three times a year, and often do not happen at all in some years, depending on the weather. When they happen though, it is often in early times of the season such as in September, October or late winter such as February or March (often the rainiest season in Egypt). Thus, one should be careful when venturing out into the desert or camping in certain areas as water can suddenly rush down from the nearby mountains and hills. It can sometimes carry a quite strong current that has been known to break down homes of rural people who build their homes from mud, bricks, and other weak materials. It is not surprising to hear that some people drown in the floods, which is strange for a desert country that doesn't receive much precipitation.

 

 

Cities

  1. Cairo: the capital of Egypt, home to the Giza Pyramids, the Egyptian Museum and fabulous Islamic architecture
  2. Alexandria: Egypt's window on the Mediterranean, with still-palpable glimpses of the past
  3. Port Said: Egypt's third largest city, has a cosmopolitan heritage, bordering the Mediterranean, home to the Lighthouse of Port Said
  4. Aswan: a more relaxed option, full of amazing sights
  5. Luxor: gateway to the Valley of the Kings, amongst other fabulous attractions , Claim as oldest continuously inhabited city in the world
  6. Hurghada: a town on the Red Sea, filled with all-inclusive resorts and diving

 

 

Tourist Destinations
  1. Abu Simbel: a very remote town in the far south, with some beautiful ancient temples
  2. The Great Pyramids of Giza
  3. Karnak: scattered temples built with an emphasis on size, an impressive avenue of ram-headed sphinxes runs through the middle
  4. Saqqara: both filled with relics and ruins of ancient Egypt, they're often combined as a day trip from Cairo
  5. Nuweiba: small village with a number of camps, eco lodge and basic accommodation styled hotels
  6. Siwa: a stunning remote oasis near the Libyan border
  7. St. Katherine Monastery: Home to the oldest continually inhabited monastery, Mount Sinai and Mount Katherine (highest mountain in Egypt) and truly Bedouin culture
  8. Valley of the Kings
  9. Mount Sinai
  10. The Museum of Egypt
The interior of the Museum of Egypt
A stunning view of the city of Luxor, Egypt
An overview image of the great pyramids of giza, Egypt
Why You Should Visit Egypt!

Egypt is the home of human civilization

Egypt has an incredible ancient history that has fascinated the world for hundreds of years. You don’t have die-hard history enthusiast to be awed at the tales and stories you will learn during your Egypt trip. The majority of visitors to Egypt are most interested in the history of ancient Egypt; the time of the Pharaohs, the Pyramids, King Tutankhamun, Queen Cleopatra, and the conquering by Alexander the Great. While this period is definitely one of the most interesting aspects of Egypt’s history, it certainly isn’t the only part.

Egypt’s history can be traced back to 3500 BC. While not much remains from this period in time, it’s absolutely fascinating to learn and see just how much the country progressed and grew. From the building of the first pyramid in the third dynasty to the carving of the Rosetta stone in 196 BC. The conquering of Egypt by the Arabs in 642 and the invasion of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798. Even today, new tombs are constantly being discovered and new treasures are being found. The best part about Egypt’s history is that it’s not just something that you see in a textbook. You can actually see the ruins, remains, and archaeological finds for yourself. Gaze upon the golden mask that covered King Tutankhamun’s face when he was buried. Walk through the columns of Karnak Temple and discover the tombs of Egypt’s Pharaohs that were meant to be hidden for all time.

 

Egyptian Food is Delicious

Food is a huge part of travel and, for many, one of the most important aspects of choosing a travel destination. Well, don’t worry because Egyptian food is cheap, plentiful, and delicious. Egyptian food is quite the mix, thanks in part to history, geography, and religion. Expect plenty of vegetables with the most popular meats. Along the coastal areas, you’ll also find plenty of fresh fish and seafood options as well. Many of Egypt’s most popular dishes have been around for centuries, though over the years have been enhanced and elevated.

 

Egypt is a Great Beach Destination

There are three main beach cities in Egypt: Hurghada, Sharm el Sheikh, and Dahab. All of which offer the same activities but each has a different kind of vibe. Sharm el Sheikh is a more upscale resort town, Hurghada is similar but also serves as a popular cruise port, while Dahab has a more laid back boho type vibe. No matter which one you choose, you’ll get some great beaches and opportunities for snorkeling, boating, and scuba diving.

 

Egypt has Some of the Best Museums

Egypt is home to several impressive museums though perhaps the most impressive right now is the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Housed in a beautiful building dating back to 1901, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo is home to more than 120,000 artefacts. From statues to jewellery, papyrus to masks, there is tons to see and you could honestly spend days if not weeks seeing it all. Another notable museum is the Luxor Museum which overlooks the Nile River. There are significantly fewer items on display here in comparison to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, but the Luxor Museum takes pride in this.


Egypt has the most fascinating Temples in the World

Although the Great Pyramids of Egypt may be the best-known symbol of Egypt, the real highlight of ancient Egypt are the temples. Nothing can prepare visitors for the incredible feeling knowing that you are walking through the ancient paths where Pharaohs once stood.

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Visit Egypt! The Beginning of Civilization

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